# Dictionary Definition

calculation

### Noun

1 the procedure of calculating; determining
something by mathematical or logical methods [syn: computation, computing]

3 planning something carefully and intentionally;
"it was the deliberation of his act that was insulting" [syn:
deliberation]

# User Contributed Dictionary

## English

### Pronunciation

- Rhymes: -eɪʃǝn

- The act or process of calculating.
- The result of calculating.
- Reckoning, estimate.
- By my calculation, we should be there by midnight.

- An expectation based on circumstances.

#### Synonyms

- (act or process of calculating): calculating, computation, computing, reckoning (old)
- (estimate): estimate, guess, reckoning, measurement

#### Translations

act or process of calculating

result of calculating

reckoning, estimate

expectation based on circumstances

- Finnish: laskelma

# Extensive Definition

A calculation is a deliberate process for
transforming one or more inputs into one or more results, with
variable change.

The term is used in a variety of senses, from the
very definite arithmetical calculation
using an algorithm to
the vague heuristics
of calculating a strategy in a competition or calculating the
chance of a successful relationship between two people.

Multiplying 7 by 8 is a simple algorithmic
calculation.

Estimating the fair price for financial
instruments using the Black-Scholes
model is a complex algorithmic calculation.

Statistical
estimations of the likely election results from opinion polls
also involve algorithmic calculations, but give results that are
ranges of possibilities rather than exact answers.

Deciding the best way to build a relationship
with a member of the opposite sex may also result from a
calculation, but is not definite, predictable, nor even clearly
defined. This indefinite application of the term gives it a second
area of meaning apart from the mathematical senses
mentioned above.

To calculate means to ascertain by computing. The
English word derives from the Latin calculus, which
originally meant a small stone in the gall-bladder (from Latin
calx). It also meant a pebble used for calculating, or a small
stone used as a counter in an abacus (Latin abacus, Greek
abax). The abacus was an instrument used by Greeks and Romans for
arithmetic calculations, preceding the slide-rule and the
electronic calculator, and consisted of perforated pebbles sliding
on an iron bars.

## See also

calculation in German: Rechnen

calculation in Spanish: Cálculo aritmético

calculation in French: Calcul
(mathématiques)

calculation in Galician: Cálculo

calculation in Korean: 계산

calculation in Interlingua (International
Auxiliary Language Association): Calculo (mathematica)

calculation in Italian: Calcolo
(matematica)

calculation in Hebrew: חישוב

calculation in Latin: Calculus

calculation in Japanese: 計算

calculation in Russian: Вычисление

calculation in Volapük: Kalkulam

calculation in Contenese: 計算

calculation in Chinese: 计算

# Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

adding,
aforethought,
amount, answer, appraisal, appraisement, approach, approximation, arithmetic, arrangement, assessment, assize, assizement, attack, blueprint, blueprinting, calculatedness, calculus, canniness, care, careful consideration,
carefulness,
casting, caution, cautiousness, charting, ciphering, circumspection, computation, conception, contrivance, correction, count, counting, deliberate stages,
deliberateness,
deliberation,
design, determination, determining, device, discretion, disposition, enterprise, envisagement, estimate, estimation, evaluation, expectation, express
intention, expressness, figure, figuring, footing, forecast, foresight, forethought, game, gauging, gingerliness, graphing, ground plan, guardedness, guidelines, hedge, hedging, heed, heedfulness, hesitation, idea, instrumentation,
intention, intentionality, judiciousness, layout, lineup, long-range plan, mapping, master plan, measure, measurement, measuring, mensuration, method, methodology, metric system,
mindfulness,
operations research, organization, pawkiness, plan, planning, planning function,
prearrangement,
preconsideration,
predeliberation,
predetermination,
prediction, premeditation, preresolution, prior
consultation, procedure, product, program, program of action,
prudence, prudentialness, quantification, quantization, rating, rationalization,
reckoning, regardfulness, result, safeness, safety first,
schedule, schema, schematism, schematization, scheme, scheme of arrangement,
setup, slowness to act,
solicitude, strategic
plan, strategy,
survey, surveying, system, systematization,
tactical plan, tactics,
telemetering,
telemetry, tentativeness, the big
picture, the picture, thoroughness, totaling, toting, triangulation, uncommunicativeness,
unprecipitateness,
valuation, wariness, way, working plan